Bhutan has one of the highest per capita availabilities of water in the world. With an average flow of 2,238 cubic meters (m3) per second, Bhutan generates 70,572 million m3 per annum, which equates to no less than 94,500 m3 per person per year, and that is the highest in the region. Unfortunately, access to potable water still remains a major challenge to majority of the population. Bhutan has 36.2% of its population having access to safely managed drinking water with 100% pipe connection nationally according to JMP 2019.

On the other hand, while water is the source to all life, floods can cause widespread devastation and loss to life and property. In Bhutan’s case, flooding mostly flash floods is a major concern and a recurrent problem.

APECS has been involved with the maximum number of water resources consulting projects in Bhutan; from water supply design to flood protection management plan. It is a regular consultant to Ministry of Works and Human Settlement’s Department of Engineering Services which has key agencies for water supply and flood management. Furthermore, APECS is one of the few firms involved in irrigation design and supervision.

Over 90% of water used in Bhutan is in the Agricultural sector. Bhutan has made good strides in achieving improved sanitation at 85.3%.

Key Focus Areas

  • Hydrologic and Hydrodyanamic analysis
  • Flood management plan preparation
  • Flood engineering design
  • Storm water management plan and design
  • Water supply feasibility study
  • Water supply detailed design
  • Climate change design for water resources use and management
  • Irrigation feasibility and design
  • Construction supervision of irrigation, water supply, waste water supply projects